The High Court
The High Court is the third highest Court in the hierarchy of the Superior Courts. Judges who sit in the High Court are referred to as Justices of the High Court.
It is duly constituted by a single Judge, unless the Court is required to sit with jurors or assessors. It has original jurisdiction in all civil and criminal matters. It also has appellate jurisdiction in appeals from the District Court and criminal appeals from the Circuit Court. It has supervisory jurisdiction over all lower Courts in the country.
It has exclusive jurisdiction for the enforcement of the Fundamental Human Rights enshrined in the 1992 Constitution. It is located throughout the regional capitals in Ghana. The High Court has divisions. It has Criminal Division, Land Division, Divorce and Matrimonial Division, Probate and Administration Division, Labour Division, Human Rights Division, Commercial Division, Financial Division, General Jurisdiction among others.
Regional Tribunals are of the same status as the High Court. They are presided over by Chairmen who sit with panel members. They have jurisdictions in selected criminal cases only. They are located in all the regional capitals of Ghana. Presently, there is no Regional Tribunal in the country.