CONSTITUTION OF THE REBUPLIC OF GHANA 1992
every person who, on the coming into force of this Constitution,
is a citizen of Ghana by the law shall continue to be a citizen
Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, a person born in
outside Ghana after the coming into force of this Constitution,
shall become a citizen of Ghana at the date of his birth if either
of his parents or grandparents is or was citizen of Ghana.
A child of not more than seven years of age found in Ghana
whose parents are not known shall be presumed to be
a citizen of Ghana
A child of not more than
sixteen years of age neither of whose parents is a citizen of Ghana who is adopted by
a citizen of Ghana shall, by virtue of the adoption, be a citizen
A woman married to a man is a citizen of Ghana or a man married
to a woman who is a citizen of Ghana may, upon making an application
in the manner prescribed by Parliament, be registered as a citizen
Clauses (1) of this article applies also to a person who was married
to a person who, but for his or her death, would have continued
to be a citizen of Ghana under clause (1) of article 6 of this Constitution.
where the marriage of a woman is annulled after she has been registered
as a citizen of Ghana under clause (1) of this article, she shall,
unless she renounces that citizenship, continue to be a citizen
Any child of a marriage of a woman registered as a citizen of Ghana
under clause (1) of this article to which clause (3) of this article
applies, shall continue to be a citizen of Ghana unless he renounces
Where upon any application by a man for registration under clause
(1) of this article, it appears to the authority responsible for
the registration that a marriage has been entered into primarily
with a view to obtaining the registration, the authority may request
the applicant to satisfy him that the marriage was entered into
in good faith; and the authority may only effect the registration
upon being so satisfied.
In the case of a man seeking registration, clause (1) of this article
applies only if the applicant permanently resides in Ghana.
Subject to this article, a citizen of Ghana shall cease forthwith
be a citizen of Ghana if, on attaining the age of twenty-one years,
he, by a voluntary act, other than marriage, acquires or retains
the citizenship of a country other than Ghana.
A person who becomes a citizen of Ghana by registration and immediately
after the day on which he becomes a citizen of Ghana is also a citizen
of some other country, shall cease to be a citizen of Ghana unless
he has renounced his citizenship of that other country, taken the
oath of allegiance specified in the second schedule to this Constitution
and made an registered such declaration of his intentions concerning
residence as may be prescribed by law, or unless he has obtained
an extension of time for taking those steps and the extended period
has not expired.
A Ghanaian citizen who loses his Ghanaian citizenship as a result
of the acquisition or possession of the citizenship of a country
other than Ghana shall, on the renunciation of his citizenship of
that other country, become a citizen of Ghana.
Where the law of a country, other than Ghana, requires a person
who marries a citizen of that country to renounce the citizenship
of his own country by virtue of that marriage, a citizen of
Ghana who is deprived of his citizenship of Ghana by virtue of
marriage shall, on the dissolution of that marriage, if he thereby
loses his citizenship acquired by that marriage, become a citizen
(1) Parliament may make provision for the acquisition
of citizenship of Ghana by persons who are not eligible to become
citizens of Ghana under the provisions of this Constitution.
Except as otherwise provided in article & of this Constitution,
a person shall not be registered as a citizen of Ghana unless at
the time of his application for registration he is able to speak
and understand an indigenous language of Ghana.
The High Court may, on an application made for the purpose by the
Attorney-General, deprive a person who is a citizen of Ghana, otherwise
than by birth, of that citizenship on the ground-
that the activities of that person are inimical to the security
of the State or prejudicial to public morality or the public interest;
that the citizenship was acquired by fraud, misrepresentation or
any other improper or irregular practice.
There shall be published in the Gazette by the appropriate authority
and within three months after the application or the registration,
as the case may be, the name, particulars and other details
of a person who, under this article applies to be registered as
a citizen of Ghana or has been registered as a citizen of Ghana.
Parliament may make provision for the renunciation by any person
of his citizenship of Ghana.
A reference in this Chapter to the citizenship of the parent of
a person at the time of the birth of that person shall, in relation
to a person born after born after the death of the parent, be construed
as a reference to the citizenship of the parent at the time of the
For the purposes of clause (1) of this article, where the death
occurred before the coming into force of this Constitution,
the citizenship that the parent would have had if he or she had
died on the coming into force of this Constitution shall be
deemed to be his or her citizenship at the time of his or her death.